Copernicus Land Change Lab


Most recent

Friedlingstein et al., 2023. Global Carbon Budget 2023, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 15(12): 5301-5369. DOI:

Fluet-Chouinard, E., B. Stocker, Z. Zhang, A. Malhotra, J. R. Melton, B. Poulter, J. O. Kaplan, K. Klein Goldewijk, S. Siebert, T. Minayeva, G. Hugelius, H. Joosten, A. Barthelmes, C. Prigent, F. Aires, A. Hoyt, N. Davidson, C. M. Finlayson, B. Lehner, R. B. Jackson, P. B. McIntyre (2023), Extensive global wetland loss over the past three centuries, Nature, 614, 281-286. DOI:


Klein Goldewijk, K., Beusen, A., Doelman, J., and Stehfest, E.: Anthropogenic land-use estimates for the Holocene; HYDE 3.2, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 9, 927-953, 2017.

Klein Goldewijk, K. and P.H. Verburg, 2013. Uncertainties in global-scale reconstructions of historic land use: An illustration of the HYDE 3.1 data base. Landscape Ecology 28(5): 861-877.

Klein Goldewijk, K., A. Beusen, M. de Vos and G. van Drecht. 2011. The HYDE 3.1 spatially explicit database of human induced land use change over the past 12,000 years, 2011. Global Ecology and Biogeography 20(1): 73-86. doi: 10.1111/j.1466-8238.2010.00587.x

Klein Goldewijk, K., A. Beusen, and P. Janssen, 2010. Long term dynamic modeling of global population and built-up area in a spatially explicit way, HYDE 3.1. The Holocene, 20(4), 565-573. doi:10.1177/0959683609356587.

Klein Goldewijk, K., A.F. Bouwman and G. van Drecht 2007. Mapping contemporary global cropland and grassland distributions on a 5 by 5 minute resolution, Journal of Land Use Science, Vol 2(3): 167-190. Klein_Goldewijk_et_al_2007-JLUS

Klein Goldewijk, K. 2005. Three centuries of global population growth: A spatial referenced population density database for 1700 – 2000, Population and Environment 26 (5): 343-367.Klein_Goldewijk_2005-Population_and_Environment

Klein Goldewijk, K. and N. Ramankutty, 2004. Land cover change over the last three centuries due to human activities: the availability of new global data sets, Geojournal 61: 335-344, Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands.

Klein Goldewijk, K. 2001. Estimating global land use change over the past 300 years: the HYDE database, Global Biogeochemical Cycles 15(2): 417- 433.



Yin, L., K. Klein Goldewijk, M. Scown (2023), Global anthrome exposure to extreme heat in the future, in prep.

Van der Wielen, W., K. Klein Goldewijk, M. Scown, E. Ellis, L. Olson, N. Gauthier (2023), Future Anthromes, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS), in prep.

Ellis, E.C, Gauthier, N., Klein Goldewijk, K., Bliege Bird, R., Boivin, N., Díaz, S, Fuller, D.Q., Gill, J.L., Kaplan, J.O., Kingston, N. Locke, H., McMichael, C.N.H., Ranco, D., Rick, T.C., Shaw,R., Stephens, L., Svenning, J.C., and James E.M. Watson, People have shaped most of terrestrial nature for at least 12,000 years (2021), Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS), 118(17),

Ellis EC, Beusen AHW, Goldewijk KK (2020) Anthropogenic Biomes: 10,000 BCE to 2015 CE, LAND 9:129.

Ellis, E.C., J.O. Kaplan, D.Q. Fuller, S. Vavrus, K. Klein Goldewijk and P.H. Verburg (2013). Used Planet: A Global History, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS) 110(20), 7978-7985. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1217241110.


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